Tuesday, November 20, 2007



            You know that the economic prosperity and good quality of any nation depends upon the development of human resources of that nation. The significant fact in the development of manpower resource refers to the competencies and the level on which these competencies are imparted. You also know that it largely depends on those who develop these competencies. Therefore, for this purpose we need highly competent teachers for imparting these competencies. It is essential that teachers imparting these competencies should have the capability to perform their task efficiently. For this, they need to acquire requisite competencies themselves.Here we will attempt to understand as to what competencies are essential for becoming better teacher and how these competencies can be imparted.
• “Teaching is an intimate contact between a more mature personality and a less mature one which is designed to further the education of the later” - H.C. Morrison(1964)
• “Teaching is the system of actions intended to induce learning” - B.O. Smith(1960)
Teaching Skills
NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) in its publication Core Teaching Skills (1982) has laid stress on the following teaching skills…
• writing instructional objectives
• Organizing the content
• Creating set for introducing the lesson
• introducing a lesson
• Structuring classroom questions
• Question delivery and its distribution
• Response management
• explaining
• illustrating with examples
• Using teaching aids
• Stimulus variation
• Pacing of the lesson
• Promoting pupil participation
• Use of blackboard
• Achieving closure of the lesson
• Giving assignments
• Evaluating the pupil’s progress
• Diagnosing pupil learning difficulties and taking remedial measures
• Management of the class
Read more....
This note covers the following sub headings and explanation...
Component of Teaching skills associated with different stages of a Lesson
Stages of lesson
I . Planning Stage
II. Introductory stage (Set-induction)
III. Presentation Stage
(a) Questioning Skill
(b) Presentation Skill
(c) Aid using Skills
(d) Managements Skills
IV. Closing stage
Meaning and Definition of Micro-Teaching
Objectives of Microteaching
Phases of Micro teaching Procedure
1.Knowledge Acquisition Phase (Pre-Active Phase)
2.Skill Acquisition Phase (Inter-active Phase)
3. Transfer Phase (Post –Active Phase)
Steps of Microteaching
1. Orientation of the student teachers
2. Discussion of Teaching Skills
3. Selection of a Particular Teaching Skill
4. Presentation of a Model Demonstration Lesson
5. Observation of the Model Lesson and Criticism.
6. Preparation of Micro Lesson Plan.
7. Creation of Microteaching Setting.
8. Practice of the Skill (Teaching)
9. Providing Feedback
10. Re-planning.
11. Re-teaching.
12. Providing Re-Feedback
13. Repetition of the Microteaching Cycle.
Integration of Teaching Skills (Link Practice)
• Link practice or integration of skills can be done in two ways;        
        1. Integration in parts
        2. Integration as a whole
Merits of Microteaching 
Limitations of Microteaching
Microteaching Vs Traditional Classroom teaching
Microteaching in India

Related Facts
Purpose of questions
Types of question
Levels of questions
Lower order questions (Recall, Recognition)
• Middle order question (Translation, Comparison, Relationships)
• Higher order questions (Analysis, synthesis)
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Name                       : SATHEESH KUMAR KARAPARAMBIL M.Sc., M.Ed., NET, PGDEA, PGDCA
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