Saturday, May 23, 2009

Organisation of instruction and progress of pupils

1 Courses of instruction:-

(1) The course of instruction and training in the various types of schools shall be in accordance with the curriculum of studies issued by the Director with the sanction of Government.

(2) Unless otherwise specified the medium of instruction of all Classes shall be Malayalam, Tamil or Kannada.

(3) The curriculum of studies for each course of instruction and training shall be so organized as to cover the entire period allotted to it and shall be divided into annual units suitable for each class.

2 Text Books:- (1) A list of text books approved and/ or prescribed for study in the various classes of different types of schools during any particular year shall be published in the Gazette by the Director with the sanction of the Government before the end of February of the preceding school year and if the books once approved or prescribed are permitted to be in use during the succeeding years also the fact shall be published in the Gazette.

(2) No book which is not included in the published list may be used for the purpose of secular instruction in any class of schools without special permission of the Director.

(3) Headmasters or Principals are expected to see that the pupils provide themselves with all the text books necessary for the given course of instruction and with suitable note books, copy books, and materials for exercise in Geometry map-drawing, etc. Principals Headmasters and class teachers shall disallow the use of cram books, annotated editions of text books and other unsuitable books of the kind by pupils. The Headmaster / Principal shall ensure that books and materials mentioned above and any other articles shall not be sold or used in the school Premises.

(4) No student in a pre-primary or primary school shall at any time have to carry more than five kilograms of books and study materials.

3 School day:- A school day shall be from 10 AM to 4 PM during which 5 hours shall be used for instructional purposes. Provided that a member of the teaching or non-teaching staff may be required to attend the school before 10 AM or to stay on after 4 PM for attending the other curricular and co-curricular activities such as library work, Laboratory work, seminar, unit test, project work, sports activities, literary activities, cultural programmes etc

(ii) Classes for standards XI and XII shall commence at 9 Am and shall go on till 4 PM.

4 Time Table:-

1. At the beginning of each school year, the Headmaster or Principal shall in consultation with the staff council, if any, have a time table of work prepared for the various Standards, showing distribution of teaching work among the teachers and the distribution of available periods among the various subjects.

2. All arrangements relating to the time-table of work (General organization, division of work among teachers, etc) shall be a matter for the discretion of the Headmaster/Principal and his special responsibility. But all arrangement of the kind are subject to inspection and if they are considered unsatisfactory, must be altered in accordance with the instructions of the Educational Officers.

3. The Headmaster/Principal shall assign to himself such part of the teaching work so as to keep him in touch with the general progress of instruction in the institution and may limit his own teaching work so as to leave him sufficient time to attend to his other duties. Headmasters of Secondary Schools and Higher Secondary Schools should have atleast ten periods of teaching work.

4. Physical Education (Physical drill, gymnastics, small area games, athletics and organized games) is compulsory and every school should make adequate provision for it in the time –table, it should be seen that every pupils is having regular and systematic exercise in the open air. All teachers below the age of 45 are expected to actively participate in the physical activities and thus make them a lively programme.

5. There shall be work schedule in addition to the Time table for instructional purposes. The teachers shall prepare student profile. The teachers shall prepare work done report every week and present it for the monthly discussion

in the staff council / subject committee

5 Scheme of work

(1) AT the beginning of the school year, the Headmaster or Principal shall in consultation with the staff council, have a scheme of work drawn up for any subject in every standard, showing the distribution of the curriculum in that subject for the Standard, over the whole year, divided into convenient sections, weekly, monthly, or otherwise, and providing if possible, some time for revision.

(2) The Headmaster or Principal shall keep himself through with the scheme of work and shall watch the progress of instruction so as to ensure that the scheme of work is adhered to in actual practices as far as possible and make

alterations wherever necessary.

(3) Every teacher shall maintain teaching notes and the Headmaster or Principal shall from time to time check them with the scheme of work.

(4) The Headmaster or Principal shall devote the major portion of his time to the supervision of teaching work with a view to ascertain whether the work allotted has been satisfactorily done and note in his diary of supervision the fullest details of the same. The Headmaster or Principal should also see that suitable reference books are provided and that they are made use of properly by the staff.

6 Dynamic methods of teaching:- (1) The methods of teaching in school should aim not merely at the imparting of knowledge in an efficient manner, but also at inculcating desirable values and proper attitudes and habits of work in the students.

(2) They should in particular, endeavor to create in the students a genuine attachment to work and a desire to do it as efficiently, honestly, honestly and thoroughly as possible.

(3) The emphasis in teaching should shift from verbalism and memorization to learning through purposeful, concrete, and realistic, situations and, for this purpose, the principles of "Activity Method" and "Project Method" should be assimilated in school practice.

(4) Teaching methods should provide opportunities for students to learn actively and to apply practically the knowledge that they have acquired in the classroom. "Expression work" of different kinds, must, therefore, form part of the programme in every school subject.

(5) In the teaching of all subjects special stress should be placed on clear thinking and clear expression both in speech and writing.

(6) Teaching methods should aim less at imparting the maximum quantum of knowledge possible and more on training students in the techniques of study and methods of acquiring knowledge through personal effort and initiative.

(7) A well-thought-out attempt should be made to adopt methods of instruction to the needs of individual students as much as possible so that "slow and fast learner students may all have a chance to progress at their own pace.

(8) Students should be given adequate opportunity to work in groups and to carry out group projects and activities so as to develop in them the qualities necessary for group life and Co-operative work